A SURVEY OF PEDESTRIAN NAVIGATION SYSTEMS: PUBLIC DISPLAYS AND HANDHELD DEVICES
Salman, Rawad M.
Hamhoum, Fathi A.
Abdallah, Mahmoud J.
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Pedestrian navigation systems help us make a series of decisions that lead us to a destination. Nowadays, public displays spread in public spaces and have become available and useful in many purposes for people's life activities, where pedestrians might be utilizing them to find their location and orientation in unfamiliar environments. Furthermore, mobile devices also provide support in these settings. While many of these solutions work well on an individual level, they are less well suited for very crowded situations, e.g. sports matches, festivals and fairs, or religious events such as pilgrimages. However, the people who use these systems in their navigation face many issues, e.g. a key disadvantage of public signage is that it does not provide personalised navigation support. In this paper, we provide a complete analysis and comparison of those systems and describe the issues of every single system